How can CO2 be transported for storage?
CO2 is very stable and non-toxic. It is used in beer, soft drinks and many food products and is transported regularly across Australia.
Once carbon has been captured there are four methods of transporting it to storage locations: pipelines, rail, ship and truck, with the best method or methods depending on where the CO2 is captured, its intended storage location and the amount of CO2 to be transported.
Pipeline transport is generally preferred for very large volumes of CO2 over large distances for long periods of time to justify the initial cost of the pipeline infrastructure. Rail, ship and truck are preferred for smaller volumes, especially if multiple delivery points or shorter time frames are involved.
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